Animation gives a static image the illusion of movement. You can make animations at home. Film animations are created by cel, stop motion, or computer generated methods.1. Make a flip book
You can create your own animated image by drawing stick-men on the corners of notebook pages to make a flip-book. However, it must be noted that animation images are usually made by taking photographs. Photograph the same object several times, moving it slightly after each shot. When the photos are arranged as a book and the pages flipped rapidly, the object appears to move.2. Cel animation
Cel animation is how 2D cartoons are animated. Slightly changed character positions have to be photographed, one by one, in sequence against a background scene. Special cameras photograph the cels frame by frame onto continuous film.
3. Stop motion animation
4. Computer created animation
This is created online or on a PC. The appearance is often 3D and similar to stop motion animation. Special software is needed to create video animation like this, but simple online animation packages for beginners are available for download.
5.Draw up your storyboard
First, design a character and work out a simple story where X really needs to get to Z but first must negotiate Y.Fold or cut a sheet of paper into squares. Sketch the sequence of actions made by X. Draw an image of Z as imagined by X (as in a comic strip). Frame by frame, work out the story. Here are some tips from PIXAR.
6. Develop the storyboard
As the story develops, act each movement to work out how many shots each frame needs. Write the time taken under each scene you have drawn. Write the details with indication of sound effects required.
7. Design the set
Pin up the final sketches and read the script while acting it. Record this on video or audio. Begin modelling, drawing or computing the background, environment or set. For cel animation, draw and paint different transparent cels to make layers of a picture.
8. Take the shots
Scan the cels into a computer for colouring. Overlay background with the character shots to make sequences.
Model your stop motion character and photograph it against the stage set. Use a tripod to fix the camera.
9. Computer creation
For computer animation, model the backgrounds as grids using specialist software. Work frame by frame. Design characters to draw, model and digitise with software.
Editing and post-production organise the sound and image quality. Running the film makes the character appear to move.